Anal fissure Treatment (Ayurveda)
Fissure is a type of cut in the anal canal. It is caused at the time of passing hard stools. It is an extremely painful and seen in the sensitive part of anal canal. Anal fissure starts at the opening of anus and in a minimum time it spreads upwards throughout the anal canal.
Anal fissure can occur in both men and women of any age. About 81% of people around the world at some time in life have some kind of anal fissures. Therefore, it is considered as a common problem.
Excruciating pain, occasional bleeding from rectum, itching in the anal region etc. are some of the major symptoms of anal fissure. This disease can recur again after certain time interval. Recurrence of Anal fissure results in chronicity of disease and Sentinel tag develops as a result. Sentinel tag is a small skin tag hanging outside the anal orifice. It is usually seen in the patients of chronic Anal Fissure. Usually this tag is painless but when inflamed; it may have swelling and severe pain.
Lateral Sphincterotomy or anal dilation is the surgery recommended by the surgeons for treating anal fissure. Recurrence and incontinence of stools are the post operative complications.
Whereas in Ayurveda; Anal fissures are treated without surgery by Kshar Karma Therapy. Kshar Karma is repeated at weekly interval. Kshar Karma helps in complete healing of anal fissure. Generally Anal fissure gets healed in 3-6 weekly therapies depending on severity of problem.
Question 1 - What is Fissure?
Answer - Fissure is a cut injury which arises in anal canal. Passage of hard stool results in too much stretching of anal canal which causes tear in this region. Because of extreme pain during defecation; patients try not to pass stool, This further hardens the stool and increases the severity of problem. Occasionally there can be some bleeding from rectum also.
Question 2 - What are the Fissure symptoms?
Answer - Pain in anal region during or after passing stool is the main sign of Anal Fissure. Depending upon its severity pain can subside with in few minutes after defecation or it may persist whole day. There can be occasional bleeding from rectum also. Patient can also have burning, pricking or itching sensation in anal region. These signs can subside for some time to recur again after few days.
If it is not treated properly; it can result in growth of tissue from lower end of fissure cut. This extra growth of tissue is termed as Sentinel tag or Sentinel pile. Generally this growth is painless but when inflamed; there can be swelling and pain in it.
Question 3 - How is it treated ?
Answer- Usually, surgeons advice for surgical treatment for anal fissure, which may include sphincterotomy or anal dilatation. There are certain complications in this treatment like incontinence of stool, recurrence of problem etc. Opposite to this; Ayurveda assures complete treatment for anal fissure without surgery. Ayurveda recommends Kshar Karma for Anal Fissure.
In Kshar Karma there is complete healing of fissure and there no complication in this treatment. There is no need for hospitalization or bed rest in Kshar Karma treatment for Anal Fissure. Repeated Kshar Karma sittings are given at weekly interval. Patient is advised to apply certain Ayurvedic medicines at home in between these weekly sittings. Depending on the severity of problem Anal Fissure gets healed in 3-6 weekly sittings.
Question 4 - What are the Causes of Anal Fissure?
Answer - Main causes for Anal Fissure are
1. Passage hard stool through anus.
2. Unusual bowl movement at anal area.
3. Due to weakness of anus.
4. Trauma to the anus and anal canal like during childbirth
5. Chronic Diarrhoea
6. Inflammation in anus because of crohn's disease or some other inflammatory disease.
Other less common causes for Anal Fissure are:
1. Anal Cancer
5. HIV or some other infections
Question 5 - Where to find best Ayurvedic treatment/ doctor/ clinic for Anal Fissure in Delhi?
Answer - Sushruta Ano-Rectal Institute is one of best highly recommended Ayurvedic centres in Delhi offering effective Ayurvedic treatment for varied anal diseases such as piles, fissure, fistula, pilonidal sinuses and many more. This Institute has highly qualified Ayurvedic doctors, who specialize in varied anal disease treatments and give optimum results in all ano rectal diseases without any surgery and complication.
Question 6 - How can we take care?
Answer - It's easy to take care of anal fissure through Ayurvedic methods or therapies by kshara karma therapy. This is an alkaline therapy, it is found alkaline in nature and obtained from the ashes of medicinal plants. Kshar karma is a good substitute of surgery to cure fissure. Hence, kshar sutra is a right option for those, who do not want surgery for anal fissure. Besides, try to get rid of constipation, if have and keep the anal region clean.
Question 7 - Can Ayurveda treatment cure 100% fissure disease?
Answer - Yes, Ayurveda treatment cure is 100% effective in curing anal fissure. It may take some time, but results will be positive for sure. But the treatments should be taken as per prescribed by the experienced Ayurvedic doctor. Patient needs to follow the instructions of doctor and apply for the same at home.
Home remedies for Anal fissure ?
Answer - Anal Fissure is aggravated by passage of hard stool so every step should be taken to maintain normal soft stool e.g. avoid spicy foods, fast foods and maida products. Increase fluid intake and consume plenty of fiber rich food like leafy vegetables, fruits and salads etc. Sitz bath with warm water is helpful. Application of Sushruta ointment and Sushruta oil is highly beneficial. Mild laxative can also be taken like Triphala Powder/ Powder of small Harad/ Gulkand and ayurvedic medicines like Panchasakar Powder/ Swadishta Virechan Powder will benefit. If these measure are not helpful; please consult anorectal clinic.